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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135603 Find in a Library
Title: Opium and Opium Derivatives
Corporate Author: Institute for Law and Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Law and Justice
Alexandria, VA 22314
International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
44 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To search for illegal street drugs, law enforcement officers need to have a complete knowledge of opium and opium derivatives including their production, distribution, and use.
Abstract: Since many individuals make up the distribution chain, heroin is "cut" to maximize profits; substitutions for cutting agents can cause significant danger. Black tar heroin is popular because of its high purity, cost, and availability. Many illegal aliens are involved in smuggling this drug from Mexico. Concerns about AIDS have caused users to switch from injecting to snorting and smoking black tar. Since a user cannot know the amount of intake of "cut" drugs, overdosing can occur. Tolerance of the drug, physical dependence, and psychological need are elements of addiction. Overcoming the psychological need for the drug is the most difficult obstacle to face with relapse inevitable if the deeper issue of addiction are not resolved. To examine a user for injection sites, an officer must see certain symptoms present among them marks from injections, contraction of the pupils, and slowed muscle reaction are symptoms of heroin use.
Main Term(s): Drug paraphernalia
Index Term(s): Drug detection; Drug effects; Drug law enforcement; Police education
Note: Training Key, number 418
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