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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135605 Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of Arizona's July 1982 Drunk Driving Law: Effects on the City of Phoenix
Journal: Journal of Applied Social Psychology  Volume:19  Issue:14  Dated:(October 1990)  Pages:1212-1237
Author(s): S G West; J T Hepworth; M A McCall; J W Reich
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 26
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This interrupted time series design study focuses on the effects of the Arizona drunk driving law of 1982 which involved mandatory jail terms for those convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI).
Abstract: A series of questions were posed to assess the effectiveness of the new law to determine if significant reductions in motor vehicle fatalities had occurred. Phoenix and San Diego were chosen as sites for the study because of their similar DWI laws; El Paso was chosen for contrast because its DWI laws did not change during the study, and no change in the number of fatalities was expected. Intense newspaper coverage measured in specific amounts highlighted a reduction of about 52 fatalities. San Diego and Phoenix showed an initial reduction in traffic fatalities of about 50 percent with an estimated slower rate of decline than had been demonstrated in previous studies. 3 graphs, 1 table, 26 references
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Traffic law enforcement
Index Term(s): Arizona; Legislative impact; Reckless driving; Traffic accidents
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