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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135670 Find in a Library
Title: Development of Non-Institutional Treatment for Criminal Offenders in Japan (From Resource Material Series No. 36, P 124-130, 1989 -- See NCJ-135660)
Author(s): M Nishinakama
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: The main form of punishment provided by Japanese criminal statutes is imprisonment, but various alternatives exist to avoid the negative influence of imprisonment on certain offenders.
Abstract: Alternatives to imprisonment include an administrative penalty system for minor offenses, suspension of prosecution, fines for property offenses, simple suspension of sentence execution, suspension of execution with probation, and parole and supervision. Juvenile alternatives include probation and training school parole. The authority to determine parole for criminal offenders in Japan is vested in the regional parole board, and a panel of three board members makes final parole decisions. In order to be eligible for parole, prisoners must have served no less than one-third of their determinate sentence or 10 years of the life sentence. In parole examination, information about an inmate is obtained from institutional records. Additionally, a probation officer investigates the inmate and reports the findings to the regional parole board. The number of parolees released from prison in 1987 totaled 13,413 compared to 17,603 prisoners released after expiration of their term and a total number of 45,958 inmates. Parole procedures for juvenile training schools are similar to those for parole from prisons. Probation is the core element of community-based treatment for offenders. It aims to rehabilitate offenders and juvenile delinquents through supervision and requires compliance with conditions established to promote reintegration into the community. Offender rehabilitation services focus on those who represent the lowest probability of recidivism. 1 table
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Foreign correctional systems; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Foreign probation or parole services; Japan
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