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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135673 Find in a Library
Title: Some Thoughts on Correction Within Penal Institutions (From Resource Material Series No. 36, P 205-212, 1989 -- See NCJ-135660)
Author(s): C Wa-shek
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Debate over the direction correctional systems should take in the future focuses on the just desert model versus the rehabilitative ideal and on conditions that promote or inhibit rehabilitation.
Abstract: The rehabilitative ideal sees offenders as patients requiring treatment for their aberrance. Sentencing involves assessing the underlying disorders which precipitate criminal acts and introducing a therapeutic process through which offenders can be treated. This ideal has generally caused jurisdictions to move away from imposing determinate sentences. The just desert model reaffirms the aims of punishment, calling for penal institutions to be more secure to protect the public and safer for inmates. Proponents of this model seriously question the wisdom of indeterminate sentences. Conditions that promote rehabilitation include discipline in penal institutions, practical routines for inmate activities, sufficiently refined and accurate offender classification, a commitment by both management and staff to rehabilitate, and adequate resources. Conditions that inhibit rehabilitation deal with overcrowding, the prominence of gangs in prisons, and wrong attitudes and expectations. Distinctive issues in the correctional systems of western and Asian countries are examined. 15 notes
Main Term(s): Just deserts theory; Rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Asia; Foreign correctional systems; Punishment; Sentencing trends
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