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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135676 Find in a Library
Title: Practical Measures to Alleviate the Problem of Overcrowding (From Resource Material Series No. 36, P 235-246, 1989 -- See NCJ-135660)
Author(s): H J Shardin bin Chek Lah
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
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United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: All prisons in Malaysia are overcrowded, although some new facilities are being built and alternatives to imprisonment are being implemented.
Abstract: There are about 22,000 prisoners in the country's correctional facilities, and the average annual rate of increase is estimated at 8.6 percent. Originally built to hold fewer than 600 prisoners, some of the oldest prisons have 2,000 to 4,000 inmates. As many as 500 inmates are herded together in one cell block. Correctional administrators are concerned about prisoner rehabilitation and re-entry into society. The Public Works Department recently built a new prison headquarters and has been authorized to build four new remand centers, an open prison, a drug rehabilitation center, and two new prisons. When completed, these facilities will be able to accommodate the current number of prisoners until the year 2000. Efforts of Malaysian officials to reduce prison overcrowding include pardons, fines, compulsory attendance centers for first offenders, pretrial detention, and community service. A community-based approach, known as the Ibrahim System, is employed to help prisoners return to society as responsible and gainfully employed members. This program seeks to integrate and socialize prisons, nurture positive values among inmates, eliminate inherent social stigma of prisoners by involvement in social work, and instill in the general public the need to help inmates lead a normal life after prison. The selection of inmates for this program and its operation are detailed. The planned construction of new prisons built with prison labor and the recent announcement by the Malaysian Government that more funds will be allocated to the courts and judiciary are noted.
Main Term(s): Prison overcrowding
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Foreign correctional facilities; Malaysia; Prison construction
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