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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135698 Find in a Library
Title: Legal Education and Judicial System in the Republic of Korea (From Report for 1989 and Resource Material Series No. 37, P 165-179, 1990 -- See NCJ-135691)
Author(s): J-I Yoo
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Korea's legal system has a structure that is based on the heritage of the Japanese colonial rule, but the basic legal system has been modified to reflect the Korean traditional culture and the influences of a variety of Western legal concepts of justice and the sharing and distribution of power.
Abstract: Like many other countries, Korea has made law school an undergraduate institution. Most universities and colleges also have graduate law programs. Admission to the bar requires completion of the 2-year course offered by the government-run Judicial Research and Training Center, following passage of the bar exam. The judiciary system rests on the principle of judicial independence and includes three levels of courts. Judges must be prosecutors or attorneys or have completed 2 years of training at the Judicial Research and Training Institute after passing the national judicial examination. Judicial tenure is 10 years, and consecutive terms are possible. They must retire at specified ages. The prosecutor's office is part of the executive component of government. Public prosecutors have the sole but discretionary power to decide whether or not a suspect should be prosecuted.
Main Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems
Index Term(s): Foreign courts; Judges; Korea (South); Prosecutors
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