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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135703 Find in a Library
Title: Role of the Victim in the American Criminal Justice Process (From Report for 1989 and Resource Material Series No. 37, P 245-253, 1990 -- See NCJ-135691)
Author(s): L L Lamborn
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Tokyo,
Japan

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Legislation in many states recognizes victims' rights and provides for informing and involving them in criminal justice proceedings as well as providing them with compensation.
Abstract: Crime victims are the people directly affected by the crime and often have a strong desire to be informed about the status of the criminal justice proceedings, to be present at the proceedings, and to be heard regarding the impacts of the crime. Participation in the criminal justice process may aid victims' recovery and their satisfaction with the criminal justice system. Victims may also want to ensure their safety by learning of sentences or pretrial release or may seek restitution. Recent legislation recognizes the legitimacy of victims' interests by requiring that they be informed, be present, and be heard. However, the vagueness of legislation virtually nullifies these rights. In addition, United States Supreme Court decisions have interfered with victims' rights by holding that some of the legislation interferes with the rights of the accused and is therefore unconstitutional. As a result, efforts are underway to amend the Federal and State constitutions to recognize victims' rights. 86 reference notes
Main Term(s): Victim services; Victims rights
Index Term(s): Rights of the accused; State laws; US Supreme Court decisions; Victim reactions to crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=135703

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