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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135704 Find in a Library
Title: Victimology: Basic Theoretical Concepts and Practical Implications (From Report for 1989 and Resource Material Series No. 37, P 254-264, 1990 -- See NCJ-135691)
Author(s): H J Schneider
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Victimology is both an academic field and a modern social movement and involves two fundamentally different theoretical approaches; one is based on Mendelsohn's view that victimology is an independent academic discipline that includes accidents and natural disasters as well as crimes, while the other rests on von Hentig's view that victimology is a subfield of criminology and concerned with crime only.
Abstract: The two approaches contain different research areas, start from different theoretical assumptions, and, in some cases, lead to different practical implications. They consider the victim prior to the victimization process, during the situation of primary victimization, and in terms of reaction to the victimization. Although victimological research can aid the understanding and recording of criminal offenses, and overemphasis on victims can result in criminality being dramatized and emotionalized. Such result could endanger the possibility of rehabilitating and resocializing offenders. 70 references
Main Term(s): Victimology
Index Term(s): Victims rights
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