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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135705 Find in a Library
Title: From Criminal Policy to Victim Policy: New Tendencies in the Reform of Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Corrections (From Report for 1989 and Resource Material Series No. 37, P 265-281, 1990 -- See NCJ-135691)
Author(s): H J Schneider
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Since the 1960's, victimological research has produced three major findings of importance to criminal justice policy: the recognition of the crime victim as the "gatekeeper" to the criminal justice system, the severe psychological and sometimes social impacts of victimization by violent crime, and the criminal justice system's indifferent handling of victims.
Abstract: Supporting these victimological findings have been empirical findings regarding repeat serious offenders, the ineffectiveness of current inmate programs in preventing recidivism, and the importance of socialization rather than deterrence as a method of crime prevention. These and other findings have indicated that crime victims need their own legal position in criminal proceedings, that methods of resolving interpersonal conflicts need to be practiced starting in childhood, and that punishment is as ineffective in everyday child-rearing as it is in criminal procedure and corrections. In addition, the Council of Europe and the United Nations have focused on victimology, and nations such as the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany have enacted victim protection laws. Further reforms are needed, including reorienting the criminal justice system to the concept of restitution, increasing the use of arbitration and mediation, and other measures. 57 reference notes
Main Term(s): Victims rights
Index Term(s): Law reform; Research uses in policymaking; Victim services; Victimology
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