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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135728 Find in a Library
Title: Tackling Crime in the 1990's (From Resource Material Series No. 38, P 57-77, 1990, United Nations Asia and Far East Institute -- See NCJ-135723)
Author(s): D S Gandy
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: In the past few years, law enforcement officials in England and Wales have developed a new strategy for fighting crime that moves beyond reliance on the police, courts, prosecution, probation service, and prisons to involve other agencies, businesses, voluntary organizations, and citizens.
Abstract: The first step is to understand the nature of crime; this complex and fragmented phenomenon must be broken down to determine which regions or neighborhoods are particularly affected. Although property crimes in England and Wales have decreased, violent crimes and drug-related crimes are increasing. Two key aspects of the new anti-crime strategy involve innovative crime prevention measures and punishment schemes. Anti-crime measures, which must balance prevention and detection, have included community action; this article describes the Kirkholt Project, the Five Towns Initiative, and the Safer Cities Program. The community is involved in crime prevention through "watch" schemes, crime prevention panels, and diversion programs. The use of community based corrections is rapidly expanding; other sanctions gaining wide credence are police cautioning, diversion, fines, probation orders, and community service orders. A government Green Paper has recommended the implementation of a new type of sentence, the Intensive Supervision Order, which would include victim compensation, community service, residence at a hostel, prescribed activities, curfew or house detention, and electronic monitoring. 7 references
Main Term(s): Foreign crime prevention
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Community-based corrections (adult); England; Wales
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