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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135735 Find in a Library
Title: Expanding the Use of Non-custodial Measures (From Resource Material Series No. 38, P 181-196, United Nations Asia and Far East Institute -- See NCJ-135723)
Author(s): M Joutsen
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Despite widespread international agreement over the benefits of replacing imprisonment with non-custodial measures, many countries exhibit inconsistencies between policy and practice. The use of non-custodial alternatives can be expanded by focusing on law, sentencing constraints, resources, and attitudes.
Abstract: The first step correctional systems must take is to ensure that the law provides an adequate range of sanctions by amending substantive criminal and procedural law and by strengthening legal safeguards to ensure proper exercise of authority. There must be clear guidance on sentencing practice through precedents, judicial conferences, and published guidelines. Key groups including judges, law enforcement officials, prosecutors, probation officers, lawyers, victims, offenders, social services, and non-governmental agencies should be educated about the functions of non-custodial sanctions. The success of non-custodial sanctions will depend on securing a steady resource base for their implementation. Research is needed on the normative structure through which the availability and application of non-custodial sanctions is determined as well as factors that affect sentencing. Finally, international cooperation must be developed with regard to training, material preparation, research, and information sharing. 26 notes
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization
Index Term(s): Corrections resources; Criminal law; Public Opinion of Corrections; Sentencing guidelines
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