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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135737 Find in a Library
Title: Use of Community Sanctions and Programs: Critical Issues, Lessons Learned, and an Agenda for Change (From Resource Material Series No. 38, P 225-237, 1990, United Nations Asia and Far East Institute -- See NCJ-135723)
Author(s): C T Griffiths
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
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United States of America

United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: In Canada, four justifications have been offered for the use of community sanctions: reducing the number of offenders involved in the criminal justice system, providing a more humane alternative to incarceration, reducing corrections costs, and more effectively rehabilitating offenders. However, the controversy over community sanctions continues.
Abstract: As in many other countries, the Canadian criminal justice system has experienced difficulty in measuring the success of its activities. While recidivism rates are too crude an indicator to assess the effectiveness of community sanctions, other measures might include the extent of community involvement, evaluation of the offender's family life, the nature of individual contact between offenders and community residents, and the relative improvement of the offender. This author contends that criminal justice systems worldwide have come to rely increasingly upon formal agencies of social control to respond to criminal behavior, resulting in decreased community involvement. Public perceptions of crime and sentencing also affect the way in which community sanctions are administered. To be effective, community sanctions and programs must be matched to the community and designed with offender input and involvement. Finally, sentencing in the criminal court and parole board decisionmaking need to be examined to understand their impact on community sanctions. 1 figure and 48 references
Main Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Foreign correctional systems
Index Term(s): Canada; Community involvement; Corrections decisionmaking; Corrections effectiveness
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