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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135787 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Comparison of Teachers Vs. Parents as Instructors of a Personal Safety Program for Preschoolers
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:16  Issue:1  Dated:(1992)  Pages:127-137
Author(s): S K Wurtele; E I Gillispie; L L Currier; C F Franklin
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH 42795
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compares the effectiveness of parents and teachers as instructors of a personal safety program, with emphasis on child sexual abuse.
Abstract: A total of 61 Head Start preschoolers (33 boys and 28 girls) in a Colorado community were involved in this study. Pretesting of the students occurred 1 week before program presentation. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three personal-safety training programs: one group taught by teachers (21), one group taught by parents (18), and a control group taught by teacher assistants in the classroom (22). Parents taught the program at home within a 1-week period. The school programs were presented in 30-minute sessions on 3 consecutive days. Controls were taught various safety skills related to fire prevention, pedestrian safety, poison safety, etc. with no mention of sexual abuse. Children were posttested on knowledge and skill gains. No significant differences were found between groups of children taught by teachers or parents, and children in both groups demonstrated greater knowledge about sexual abuse and higher levels of personal safety skills compared with controls. Knowledge and skill gains were maintained at the 2-month followup. No program-related increases in negative behaviors were reported by teachers nor were the treatment children perceived by their parents as more fearful subsequent to participation. These results suggest that parents are as effective as teachers in teaching skills in personal safety to preschool-age children and that the programs can be implemented safely and effectively both at home and at school. 2 tables, 21 references and French and Spanish summaries
Main Term(s): Child abuse prevention training; Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Educational courses; Educators child-abuse neglect role
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