skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 135816 Find in a Library
Title: Separation and Individuation Issues in Psychosocial Rehabilitation
Journal: Adolescence  Volume:27  Issue:105  Dated:(Spring 1992)  Pages:137-144
Author(s): S Schneider
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 8
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Application of the theory on the separation and individuation process can help in planning psycho-rehabilitation programs for psychiatrically disabled adolescents and young adults.
Abstract: Margaret Mahler's theory on separation and individuation consists of four subphases starting at infancy and ending at 36 months. Bonding must occur between infant and child prior to the separation and individuation process. During the first subphase of differentiation, emotionally disturbed youths are not ready for independence and need constant feedback from their clinicians. The client functions more independently in the practicing subphase, but still needs "emotional refueling" from the clinician. During the third subphase of rapprochement, the client moves away from the mother figure and explores the outside world. Separation anxiety occurs at this point and the clinician must monitor the client to avoid a crisis. Consolidation of individuality and development of object constancy is demonstrated in the fourth subphase. By internalizing the clinician and significant others, the client is ready for greater independence. Psychotherapeutic involvement for psychiatrically disabled adolescents and young adults, as opposed to guidance and maintenance therapy, is considered beneficial towards emotional growth. 11 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile treatment methods; Psychological theories
Index Term(s): Psychological research
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.