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NCJ Number: 135878 Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency Prevention: Individual Control or Social Development? (From Preventing Juvenile Crime Conference Proceedings No. 9, 1991, P 1-7, Julia Vernon, Sandra McKillop, eds. -- See NCJ-135877)
Author(s): R Semmens
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The argument is presented that delinquency prevention depends on solving social problems within a society and therefore the individual control approach needs to be interlinked with social development strategies for preventive intervention.
Abstract: Present delinquency prevention programs are focused on the participant and skills training as provided through activities such as employment programs, social relationships, and leisure pursuits. The former primary levels divert youth from delinquency, whereas secondary prevention programs prevent offenders from repeating antisocial behavior. However, while an individual is held responsible for his or her behavior, membership in the major institutions and community life are a group responsibility, and existing programs need to incorporate this perspective. Examples of primary and secondary prevention strategies are then reviewed at key social institutions such as family, peers, school, work, and community organizations. Elimination of poverty and the creation of a full employment economy entails structural change and may be expensive, but this consideration balances against the cost of running individual control programs with limited success. 3 tables and 12 references
Main Term(s): Individual behavior; Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile Delinquency prevention theory; Social bond theory; Social conditions; Social Learning
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