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NCJ Number: 135901 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Legal Coercion and Drug Abuse Treatment: Research Findings and Social Policy Implications
Author(s): M D Anglin; Y Hser
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of Alcohol and Drug Programs
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0069; 87-IJ-CX-0042; DA-04268
Contract Number: D-0001-8
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study critiques the recent history and evaluation results of civil commitment drug treatment programs in the United States as well as the development and outcomes of later legal-coercion drug treatment efforts.
Abstract: Three major civil commitment programs for drug addicts have been established in the United States in the last 30 years: the California Civil Addict Program (CAP), the New York Civil Commitment Program (CCP), and programs under the Federal Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act (NARA). Assessments of these programs generally indicate that the CCP was a failure, the NARA was somewhat more effective, and the CAP was the most successful of the three efforts; it reduced daily narcotics use and associated property crime by program participants three times as much as was achieved with similar addicts who were not in the program. With the rise of community-based treatment systems, the civil commitment concepts and programs fell into disuse, to be replaced by a looser arrangement in which many persons were referred, but not committed, to drug treatment by the courts or by the probation or parole system. This study tested the effects of legal coercion in drug treatment by comparing California groups treated under high legal coercion, under moderate legal coercion, and under no legal coercion. Differences in performance among these groups during their first methadone maintenance treatment episode were examined. There were no significant differences in treatment outcomes among the groups. This suggests that legal coercion does not compromise treatment and does bring more drug abusers into treatment. An integrated dynamic system of social intervention for drug treatment is proposed. 3 tables, 3 figures, 4 notes, and 30 references
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; California; Civil commitment; Diversion programs; Involuntary treatment; New York
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