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NCJ Number: 135919 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Narcotics Use and Crime Among Addicted Women: Longitudinal Patterns and Effects of Social Interventions
Author(s): Y-I Hser; M D Anglin; C-P Chou
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA 90024
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: DA06250; DA05544; DA00139; 87-IJ-CX-0042
Sale Source: University of California, Los Angeles
Drug Abuse Research Group
Neuropsychiatric Institute
Los Angeles, CA 90024
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Two mathematical models were developed and tested to examine causal relationships between drug use and crime for 328 white and Hispanic addicts who had been admitted to methadone maintenance clinics in Southern California.
Abstract: Retrospective longitudinal interviews provided data on individual addiction careers and crime. For modeling purposes, drug addiction was defined as daily drug use for 30 consecutive days or more. The first mathematical model focused on etiological relationships during the initial development of the addiction career (first 2 years). The second mathematical model incorporated social interventions targeting drug addiction (e.g., methadone maintenance and legal supervision with urine testing) and examined their effects over the entire addiction career. Both models suggested strong stability of behavior patterns over time as well as strong contemporaneous relationships between drug use and illicit activities. The second model further demonstrated important contemporaneous and longitudinal effects of social interventions in reducing drug addiction. In turn, these interventions decreased crime. Criminal activities of women addicted to drugs are examined including property crime, dealing drugs, and prostitution. 58 references, 5 tables, and 3 figures (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse; Female crime patterns
Index Term(s): California; Drug dependence; Drug Related Crime; Hispanic Americans; Longitudinal studies; Mathematical modeling; Methadone maintenance
Note: To be published in Drugs and Crime, T Mieczkowski, ed.
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