skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 135951 Find in a Library
Title: Punishment and Control in Community Supervision (From Correctional Theory and Practice, P 31-42, 1992, Clayton A Hartjen and Edward E Rhine, eds. -- See NCJ-135949)
Author(s): T R Clear
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of community supervision concludes that policies are needed to structure the practice of setting conditions for community supervision, because the current lack of a consistent rationale leads to two different and unsatisfactory approaches.
Abstract: Two general approaches are currently used in selecting the supervision that will apply to a given offender. In their most extreme forms, they can be called the Sufficient Model and the Necessary Model. The Sufficient Model results in a large number of conditions. However, expecting such a large number of conditions to be enforced is unreasonable. As a result, supervision officers must use great discretion, and noncompliance with conditions has almost no consequences. In contrast, the Necessary Model requires an individualized set of conditions, based on the idea that each condition must be strategically necessary for a particular offender. However, this approach often results in disparate decisions regarding conditions. Most community agencies use elements of both models. The presentence reports written by 20 experienced probation officers in training demonstrate the wide disparities that result. Thus, a policy is needed that limits the number of conditions, the rationale for each of them, how they should be enforced, and how their establishment by probation officers should be reviewed. Tables and 15 references
Main Term(s): Offender supervision; Probation conditions
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional reform; Corrections policies; Probation or parole decisionmaking
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.