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NCJ Number: 135954 Find in a Library
Title: Role Definition for the Practitioner of Correctional Supervision: Transcending Role Conflict in Theory and Practice (From Correctional Theory and Practice, P 82-96, 1992, Clayton A Hartjen and Edward E Rhine, eds. -- See NCJ-135949)
Author(s): B A Meyerson
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of the role and mission of practitioners of correctional supervision emphasizes the conflicts inherent in the role and the ways in which correctional personnel in the New Jersey Intensive Supervision Program have overcome these role conflicts.
Abstract: The conflicts rest on the two ostensibly competing goals of helping offenders restructure their lives (treatment) and exercising social control over criminal activity for the safety of the community (surveillance). These goals appear to be incompatible logically, morally, and practically. Nevertheless, the New Jersey experience demonstrates that practitioners can avoid role conflict and achieve both goals effectively. This experience also shows the deficiencies of current theory; words like treatment and surveillance are inadequate for describing the complexity of actual practice. These deficiencies suggest that the most reliable form of practitioner training currently consists of internships under master practitioners. In addition, the advantages of having one person perform the functions of both surveillance and treatment should be recognized. Furthermore, improved coordination of the approaches of judges and practitioners, research on the impacts of family and friends of offenders, and massive peer and supervisor support of correctional practitioners are all needed. 10 references
Main Term(s): Correctional personnel attitudes; Role conflict
Index Term(s): New Jersey; Offender supervision; Probation or parole officer training; Probation or parole officers
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