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NCJ Number: 135959 Find in a Library
Title: AIDS and Human Rights in the Prison: A Comment on the Ethics of Screening and Segregation (From Correctional Theory and Practice, P 162-177, 1992, Clayton A Hartjen and Edward E Rhine, eds. -- See NCJ-135949)
Author(s): L Carroll
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The development of policies regarding screening of inmates for HIV and AIDS and the segregation of HIV-positive inmates should rest on awareness of the ethical considerations involved.
Abstract: Mass screening does not appear to offer any greater prevention than would education, counseling, and voluntary testing, because of the low rate of transmission, the possibility of inaccurate test results, and the need for education and counseling of all inmates. In addition, staff fears of infection are unfounded, all inmates need medical monitoring for at least 6 months after admission, and the diagnosis of HIV infection is no guarantee of higher quality medical care. Similarly, segregation of HIV-positive inmates is not an effective way to prevent AIDS. Thus, neither mass screening nor automatic segregation of those who test HIV-positive offers sufficient benefit to the public health to justify the intrusions on the rights of privacy, freedom, and equality that such policies inevitably entail. In fact, such policies might produce a false sense of security. Nevertheless, a Federal court recently upheld Alabama's policies of screening and segregation. 27 references
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; AIDS/HIV testing policies
Index Term(s): Corrections management; Corrections policies; Inmate segregation; Prisoner's rights
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