skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 135964 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Criminals: Punishment or Reform? (From Correctional Theory and Practice, P 253-268, 1992, Clayton A Hartjen and Edward E Rhine, eds. -- See NCJ-135949)
Author(s): J O Finckenauer
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Nelson-Hall Publishers
Chicago, IL 60606
Sale Source: Nelson-Hall Publishers
111 North Canal Street
Chicago, IL 60606
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several myths exist regarding juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and juvenile corrections, but findings from specific correctional programs support the arguments that refute the myths.
Abstract: Common myths and pseudo-myths are that juvenile delinquents routinely become adult criminals, that delinquents are merely misguided youths, that most delinquents are vicious mutants, that juvenile crime is increasing sharply, and that locking up more juvenile offenders will deter them from committing future crimes. A major myth about juvenile corrections is that "nothing works." Some factual basis exists for this myth, but the myth rests on the false presumption that correctional treatment programs have been rigorously evaluated. However, the available findings indicate that a cognitive-behavioral approach is more successful than any other and that wildnerness training or education programs also show promising effects. Consensus also exists that effective treatment requires individualization, continuity, reintegration and aftercare, adequate numbers of committed and concerned staff, and appropriate structure. Two examples of successful programs are Harborfields in New Jersey and the Paint Creek Youth Center in Ohio. 19 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile delinquency; Wilderness programs
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.