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NCJ Number: 135999 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Pretrial Drug Testing and Defendant Risk
Journal: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology  Volume:81  Issue:3  Dated:(Fall 1990)  Pages:585-652
Author(s): J S Goldkamp; M R Gottfredson; D Weiland
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 68
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0007
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Research findings demonstrating a link between drug use and delinquency and other types of urban crime have instigated widespread support for pretrial drug testing for criminal defendants.
Abstract: Other studies have focused on proving that drug abuse can be a predictor of defendant crime; for example, positive urinalysis at the bail stage is related to subsequent criminality or flight by defendants during pretrial release. This research, conducted on a sample of defendants in Dade County (Florida) who were tested voluntarily prior to the bond hearing stage, was designed to determine whether some of the findings produced in earlier studies could be replicated in a different setting. The findings documented a pervasive use of drugs among felony defendants; a large majority tested positive, mostly for cocaine. In addition, the empirical model of defendant rearrest also rank-ordered defendants reasonably well according to the likelihood that they would test positive for cocaine. The results suggest that a classification system could be based more directly on the prediction of likely drug use that builds on the kind of information presently available from pretrial services in advance of bond decisions. 25 tables, 3 figures, 111 notes, and 1 appendix
Main Term(s): Pretrial drug testing; Urinalysis
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Drug Related Crime; Florida
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