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NCJ Number: 136048 Find in a Library
Title: Problem of Banditry and Bandit Suppression in Kwangtung South China, 1780-1840 (From Criminal Justice History: An International Annual, Volume 11, P 31-53, 1990, Louis A Knafla, ed. -- See NCJ-136046)
Author(s): R J Antony
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Meckler Publishing
Westport, CT 06880
Sale Source: Meckler Publishing
11 Ferry Lane West
Westport, CT 06880
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Banditry was common in Kwangtung province in South China during the 18th and 19th centuries and resulted in many new laws, regulations, and policies between 1780, a time of relative stability and population, and 1840, the time of the Opium War.
Abstract: The province had a longstanding reputation for lawlessness and violence including coastal piracy, armed feuds, secret society disturbances, and the banditry that accompanied the ongoing social and economic changes in China. Many itinerant laborers, beggars, and others joined bandit gangs and other illegal associations for self-defense and survival. The first law to address the problem of Kwangtung bandits was enacted by the Emperor in 1780 and required the execution by decapitation of those involved in any way in banditry conducted by gangs of 10 or more. The law was rescinded in 1801, and cases were then handled the same as cases in other provinces. However, another new and particularly harsh law was enacted in 1811. Further policy and legal measures were adopted in 1821 and 1824. In addition, annual military campaigns were conducted between 1826 and 1832 against the persistent bandits who hid in the mountainous areas of the province. However, the records of that era strongly suggest that Kwangtung officials were ineffective in controlling banditry or reducing crime after 1810. Tables, illustration, and 68 reference notes
Main Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Street crimes
Index Term(s): China; Foreign crime prevention; Foreign police
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