skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 136052 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Delinquency in Britain in the First World War (From Criminal Justice History: An International Annual, Volume 11, P 119-145, 1990, Louis A Knafla, ed. -- See NCJ-136046)
Author(s): D Smith
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: Meckler Publishing
Westport, CT 06880
Sale Source: Meckler Publishing
11 Ferry Lane West
Westport, CT 06880
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The experience of the First World War by Great Britain both changed and reaffirmed the attitudes toward adolescence and juvenile delinquency that had developed during the previous 2 decades.
Abstract: Observers during those decades felt that they were discovering the emergence of a distinct group of young persons who were caught between childhood and adulthood and had problems of social and physical development and adjustment. During the war an increase in the rates of juvenile crime provided an opportunity for the press and the middle and upper classes to initiate a renewed moral crusade, which extended the use of legal prosecution rather than informal methods of controlling the poorer youths on the streets. This moral panic also reflected concern about national decline during a period of threat to national stability. However, the further criminalization of delinquency was accompanied by the assumption that youths under age 16 should receive special treatment. Thus, a shift occurred away from institutionalization, flogging, or traditional punishments and toward probation. This shift rested on experts' views that juvenile delinquency resulted from the house environment, particularly the mother, and that they should intervene in the domestic life of the working classes. The Home Office also encouraged youth organizations and clubs. Table and 127 reference notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional reform; Public Opinion of Juveniles
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile delinquency; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136052

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.