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NCJ Number: 136060 Find in a Library
Title: Law Enforcement Response to Bias-motivated Crimes (From Bias Crime: The Law Enforcement Response, P 17-33, 1991, Nancy Taylor, ed. -- See NCJ-136058)
Author(s): J Garofalo; S E Martin
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
Sale Source: University of Illinois at Chicago
Office of International Criminal Justice
1033 West Van Buren Street, Suite 500
Chicago, IL 60607-2919
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Making a distinction between bias-related crimes and those not related to bias is useful, and research is under way in New York City and Baltimore County (Maryland) to examine the nature and effects of this type of crime.
Abstract: Giving special attention to bias-motivated crimes is important because these crimes have special effects on victims, the crimes are particularly harmful to communities, and bias is analytically separable from the crime itself. Currently, biases directed against racial, ethnic, and religious groups are most likely to receive official recognition; crimes based on gender or class are generally not included. Police generally receive guidelines regarding the determination that an incident was bias-related. The research is focusing on offenders; victims; police policies and procedures related to these incidents; and the arrest, prosecution, and sentencing outcomes of bias and non-bias crimes. A final draft report should be completed by August 1990.
Main Term(s): Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Bias related violence; Maryland; New York; Police policies and procedures; Psychological victimization effects; Research programs
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