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NCJ Number: 136082 Find in a Library
Title: Biological Correlates of Criminal Behavior (From Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts: Advances in Criminological Theory, V 3, P 1-21, 1992, Joan McCord, ed. -- See NCJ-136081)
Author(s): G Knoblich; R King
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Transaction Publishers
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Sale Source: Transaction Publishers
Rutgers-the State University
140 West Ethel Road
Units L-M
Piscataway, NJ 08854
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper discusses arousal systems, the gonadal axis, and serotonergic functioning as biological factors in antisocial and criminal behaviors.
Abstract: Arousal levels -- as measured by peripheral autonomic activity, electroencephalographic patterns, plasma/urinary categholamine levels, and plasma/urinary cortisol levels -- have been shown in a number of studies to be related to behavior. Low arousal apparently correlates with impulsive actions that include sensation seeking, conduct disorder, and extraverted behavior. High prenatal and perinatal androgen levels have also been shown to correlate with later above-average aggressive behavior. Likewise, levels of testosterone in the adult apparently are associated with the propensity to become aggressive under slight provocation. Data also link low levels of serotonin activity to a variety of disinhibited behaviors. Most of the human studies of serotonin link it to impulsive, violent actions; however, the best model of reduced 5HT activity is behavioral disinhibition toward a variety of stimuli. So as to create a more global profile of the criminal and possible subtypes of criminal behavior, future research should focus on the simultaneous monitoring of neuroendocrine, psychophysiological, and neurochemical measures and should use emerging imaging techniques to localize these systems to specific functional neuroanatomic regions. 71 references
Main Term(s): Biological influences
Index Term(s): Aggression; Crime causes theory; Violence causes
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