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NCJ Number: 136084 Find in a Library
Title: Opponent-Process Theory: Implications for Criminality (From Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts: Advances in Criminological Theory, V 3, P 47-62, 1992, Joan McCord, ed. -- See NCJ-136081)
Author(s): R A Rosellini; R L Lashley
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Transaction Publishers
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Sale Source: Transaction Publishers
Rutgers-the State University
140 West Ethel Road
Units L-M
Piscataway, NJ 08854
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper proposes an exploration of criminality based on a psychological theory of acquired motivation developed by Solomon and Corbit (1974), i.e., the "opponent-process" theory.
Abstract: The opponent-process theory assumes that the nervous systems of mammals are organized to oppose and suppress many types of emotional arousal, thereby seeking to maintain hedonic homeostasis. The scope of this theory rests in its assumption of a common motivational mechanism that operates in all instances in which there is repeated exposure to an affect-arousing stimulus. Similar underlying processes are postulated for all addiction cycles, regardless of whether or not the stimulus has intuitively obvious addicting properties. This paper outlines the application of opponent-process theory to criminal behavior. Guided by the theory, it proposes that at least certain aspects of criminal behavior stem from and are supported by an addiction cycle. The discussion first provides several anecdotal examples of the general type of human motivation the theory can explain. This is followed by a formal presentation of opponent-process theory. The final sections of the paper use the theory to develop a new typology of criminality and explore the major expectations of the proposal for an understanding of several aspects of criminal behavior. 3 figures and 16 references
Main Term(s): Biological influences
Index Term(s): Behavioral objectives; Crime causes theory
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