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NCJ Number: 136085 Find in a Library
Title: Family Management and Child Development: Insights From Social Disorganization Theory (From Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts: Advances in Criminological Theory, V 3, P 63-93, 1992, Joan McCord, ed. -- See NCJ-136081)
Author(s): R J Sampson
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: Transaction Publishers
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Sale Source: Transaction Publishers
Rutgers-the State University
140 West Ethel Road
Units L-M
Piscataway, NJ 08854
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper proposes a community-level theory of social disorganization that focuses on families and child development.
Abstract: Previous research on communities and crime has focused largely on structural factors thought to affect later adolescent and adult motivation to crime. In contrast, this paper draws on social disorganization theory linked with the concept of "social capital" (Coleman, 1990), which features the embeddedness of families and children in the social networks of local communities. The paper argues that community structure plays a significant role in facilitating or inhibiting the creation of social capital (social structures that facilitate action) among families and children. The author examines how factors such as prenatal care, child abuse, the monitoring and supervision of youth, and other family management practices are intertwined with community networks of social organization. This in turn influences rates of delinquency and crime. 3 notes and 62 references
Main Term(s): Crime causes theory
Index Term(s): Child development; Parent-Child Relations; Social organization
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