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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136099 Find in a Library
Title: HIV and AIDS Issues Relevant to Crime Victims and Corrections
Corporate Author: American Correctional Assoc
United States of America

California Dept of the Youth Authority
United States of America

California State Dept of Corrections
Publications Coordinator
United States of America

National Organization for Victim Assistance
United States of America

National Ctr for Victims of Crime
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: American Correctional Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
California Dept of the Youth Authority
Sacramento, CA 95823
California State Dept of Corrections
Sacramento, CA 94283-0001
National Ctr for Victims of Crime
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Organization for Victim Assistance
Washington, DC 20010
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office for Victims of Crime
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-DD-CX-K030
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To cope with the increase of reported cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Federal and State governments have passed laws to protect persons unwillingly exposed to HIV through crime. Concurrently, correctional agencies have established policies and procedures to notify correctional professionals of possible exposure to HIV and to insure offenders' of confidentiality rights.
Abstract: With increased attention paid to victims of sexual crimes, victims' rights organizations and rape crisis centers have developed polices related to HIV testing. These include testing the victim at the time of the attack and then for a period of 1 year at 3-month intervals. Victims in California, Florida, Kansas, Oregon, and Texas may request testing for their offenders, and laws in an additional 15 states provide victims with test results. These laws have certain implications for correctional agencies where cooperation is necessary from prosecutors, victims, and offenders. Though the majority of prisons dictate a privacy rights policy, many employees are concerned about exposure to HIV. Through education, training, and the establishment of testing procedures, employees' fears of HIV can be addressed. 5 appendixes
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; AIDS/HIV testing policies
Index Term(s): Mandatory reporting of diseases; Rape investigations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136099

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