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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136165 Find in a Library
Title: Controlling Street-level Drug Trafficking: Evidence From Oakland and Birmingham
Author(s): C. D. Uchida; B. Forst; S. O. Annan
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0058; 88-IJ-CX-0015
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several models of policing innovations for drug law enforcement were tested in Oakland, CA and Birmingham, AL to determine their effectiveness in controlling street-level drug trafficking.
Abstract: Police agencies in the two cities used special task forces and community policing techniques to identify and arrest drug traffickers, using funds received from the Bureau of Justice Assistance in 1987. The research examined these models' impact on the reduction of reported crimes as well as citizens' perceptions of their own safety and the extent of crime in their neighborhoods. At both sites, the evaluation used a pre-test, post-test, quasi-experimental design that gathered information in several police beats. Results revealed that in Oakland, the innovations affected citizen perceptions of drug trafficking, property crime, satisfaction with police services, and neighborhood safety. In addition, crimes reported to the police declined substantially in one area. In Birmingham, the innovations reduced crime after a 3-month time lag. Overall, the innovations also had major effects on citizen satisfaction with the police and perceptions of quality life and property crime.
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement; Policing innovation
Index Term(s): Alabama; California; Drug law enforcement units; Fear of crime; Public Opinion of the Police
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136165

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