skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 136165 Find in a Library
Title: Controlling Street-level Drug Trafficking: Evidence From Oakland and Birmingham
Author(s): C. D. Uchida; B. Forst; S. O. Annan
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0058; 88-IJ-CX-0015
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several models of policing innovations for drug law enforcement were tested in Oakland, CA and Birmingham, AL to determine their effectiveness in controlling street-level drug trafficking.
Abstract: Police agencies in the two cities used special task forces and community policing techniques to identify and arrest drug traffickers, using funds received from the Bureau of Justice Assistance in 1987. The research examined these models' impact on the reduction of reported crimes as well as citizens' perceptions of their own safety and the extent of crime in their neighborhoods. At both sites, the evaluation used a pre-test, post-test, quasi-experimental design that gathered information in several police beats. Results revealed that in Oakland, the innovations affected citizen perceptions of drug trafficking, property crime, satisfaction with police services, and neighborhood safety. In addition, crimes reported to the police declined substantially in one area. In Birmingham, the innovations reduced crime after a 3-month time lag. Overall, the innovations also had major effects on citizen satisfaction with the police and perceptions of quality life and property crime.
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement; Policing innovation
Index Term(s): Alabama; California; Drug law enforcement units; Fear of crime; Public Opinion of the Police
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.