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NCJ Number: 136181 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Sibling Influences on Adolescent Drug Use: Older Brothers on Younger Brothers
Journal: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:30  Issue:6  Dated:(November 1991)  Pages:958-966
Author(s): J S Brook; M Whiteman; D W Brook; A S Gordon
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA02390; DA00094
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study of 278 white, middle-class, male college students and their brothers examined the influence older siblings have on the younger ones with respect to drug use.
Abstract: Three domains related to drug use included: aspects of the older brother's personality, the relationship existing between the brothers, and the personality of the younger sibling. Since previous research has been limited, this study employed a "risk/protective" mechanism to examine the ways older brothers can serve as buffers to offset risk-taking behavior in younger brothers. The participants answered questionnaire items which were based on intercorrelations and reliabilities and were adapted from previous scales. According to the "Personality Influence Mechanism," the younger brother can be influenced by the older brother through identification. "Genetic Temperament Connection" highlights genetic factors that explained similarities in sibling behavior. "Environmental Reactive Mechanism" focused on troubled relationships between the brothers relating to inner conflict and intrapsychic distress in the younger sibling which, in turn, can cause unconventional and irresponsible behavior in the latter. 6 tables and 31 references
Main Term(s): Domestic relations; Drug abuse causes
Index Term(s): Home environment; Personality assessment
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