skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 136188 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effects of the Family Environment on Adolescent Substance Use, Delinquency, and Coping Styles
Journal: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse  Volume:17  Issue:1  Dated:(1991)  Pages:71-88
Author(s): V Johnson; R J Pandina
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: DA-03395; AA-05823
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the overall and relative contributions of family environmental measures to a child's alcohol, marijuana, and other drug use; delinquent activity; and dysfunctional methods of coping with problems.
Abstract: The population from which the sample was initially drawn consisted of New Jersey households with telephones from all but five counties. A quota sample of 1,380 subjects was developed who were tested initially between 1979 and 1981 at the ages of 12, 15, and 18. These subjects returned 3 years later to be retested with the same battery of instruments. The family environmental variables tapped aspects of parental behaviors and attitudes, parenting styles, and family harmony and cohesion. Generally, parenting style (as measured by parents' warmth and hostility) and parental tolerance of alcohol explained variations in the three problem domains studied. Although parental alcohol use ("modeling") was an important determinant of the child's alcohol use and the child's choice of alcohol to cope, this influence became secondary to general parenting style when the other problematic outcomes were examined. 5 tables and 47 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use; Parent-Child Relations
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Socially challenged
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.