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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136190 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Comparison of Drug Use and Adjustment in Urban Adolescent Children of Substance Abusers
Journal: International Journal of the Addictions  Volume:25  Issue:4A  Dated:(1990-1991)  Pages:495-511
Author(s): J Gross; M E McCaul
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: SAMHSA Ctr for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)
Rockville, MD 20847
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: H 84 AD00803; R01-AA07026
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To assess the risk factors in substance abuse and target those in need of drug abuse prevention, this study of Baltimore City adolescents from a low socioeconomic status compared youths with a positive family history for drug abuse (FHP) to youths who were at risk for school failure, but had a negative family history (FHN) for drug abuse.
Abstract: The 54 FHP participants were referred by social service agencies, health providers, community agencies, and school staff. The 34 FHN subjects were referred through a special alternative program combining educational and vocational classes. Participants were administered a questionnaire packet which included the 10-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory, and the 138-item Youth Self-Report that scores separately for boys and girls. Results indicated that FHP youth are using drugs, with the exceptions of marijuana and barbiturates, at a greater rate and starting experimentation at an earlier age than FHN youth. Though the FHP youth may be vulnerable to drug abuse because of genetic factors, environment plays a role in influencing behavior. Overall findings indicated psychological problems and behavioral disturbances for FHP youth with adolescent girls reporting significant distress because of their family histories. 4 tables, 1 graph, and 40 references
Main Term(s): Family histories; Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Maryland; Parental influence
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