skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 136203 Find in a Library
Title: Policing (From Criminology: A Reader's Guide, P 125-138, 1991, Jane Gladstone, Richard Ericson, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-136200)
Author(s): P C Stenning; C D Shearing
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada
Sale Source: University of Toronto
Centre of Criminology
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This essay identifies significant issues in scholarly thinking on policing and the texts that address them in useful and interesting ways.
Abstract: The authors distinguish between forms of policing according to the various orders they protect. Regular police (public police) respond to threats to order guaranteed by government; political policing responds to threats to government as a guarantor of order; and private police respond to threats to private order as defined by particular property owners. Most research has examined regular policing, particularly police decisionmaking. The focus has been on police officer discretion, along with the influence of police officer culture, police management, courts, the law, and various publics. This research contributes to debates about police accountability. The research has identified the limitations to regular policing that have spawned alternative means of protection, notably the use of private police to protect profit and prevent loss for the employers of the private police. Private policing can involve multinational corporations that cut across national-State jurisdictions. This poses new problems for traditional political hierarchies and their means of holding police accountable. 56-item annotated reading list.
Main Term(s): History of policing
Index Term(s): Police policies and procedures; Private police
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.