skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 136234 Find in a Library
Title: Regional Analysis of Suicide and Homicide Rates in the USA: Search for Broad Cultural Patterns
Journal: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology  Volume:23  Dated:(1988)  Pages:202-205
Author(s): D Lester
Date Published: 1988
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from the National Center for Vital Statistics were used to analyze the factors related to suicide and homicide in each of the continental States of the United States.
Abstract: The analysis considered all the socioeconomic variables used in previous research. Results revealed that suicide rates and homicide rates had very different correlates. Suicide rates varied most strongly with social instability, while homicide rates varied most strongly with a southern subculture. Thus, suicide rates were higher in the west and were most strongly associated with the amount of interstate migration and the percent divorced. In contrast, States with high homicide rates were those in the south, and the most influential variables were the percentage of married women working part-time and the north-south latitude. Results give little support for the hypothesis that suicide and homicide are opposed behaviors that parallel with opposite correlations with critical socioeconomic variables, as has been suggested. A more useful way to view the correlations between personal violence and socioeconomic variables is to see the States as having different cultural patterns that vary from east to west and from north to south. Tables and 13 references (Author summary modified)
Main Term(s): Homicide causes; Suicide causes
Index Term(s): Geographic distribution of crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.