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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136282 Find in a Library
Title: Corporal Punishment in Schools
Editor(s): S Harper; J Epstein
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National School Safety Ctr
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 85-MU-CX-0003
Sale Source: National School Safety Ctr
Pepperdine University
4165 Thousand Oaks Boulevard
Suite 290
Westlake Village, CA 91362
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document presents arguments for and against corporal punishment in schools and discusses student discipline alternatives.
Abstract: The U.S. Supreme Court has rules that corporal punishment is constitutional, and 36 States allow its use. Many teachers and parents, although not a majority, still approve of corporal punishment. Advocates of school spanking often argue that corporal punishment is the only approach that works with students who ignore every other disciplinary measure. Many parents give schools permission to spank their child. Opponents say corporal punishment promotes a lack of personal responsibility for one's behavior because such punishment shifts the control of a student's action to an external source. Several studies indicate a link between corporal punishment and low academic achievement. Further, evidence suggests that paddling negatively affects other children in school, even if they do not suffer the corporal punishment themselves. The National Education Association cites several studies showing that children who are spanked at home are more likely to be disruptive in school. The common perception of corporal punishment is that the child suffers momentary physical pain which quickly wears off. Some experts contend that the psychological pain may last longer. Other concerns over corporal punishment focus on the unequal treatment of students and on legal risks. Student discipline alternatives include praise and reward systems, alternative behavior centers, the tribe system, and reality therapy. Strategies to establish discipline without resorting to corporal punishment are suggested. Media clippings relevant to corporal punishment are included. 9 references
Main Term(s): Corporal punishment
Index Term(s): School discipline; Students
Note: NSSC Resource Paper
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