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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136301 Find in a Library
Title: Chicano Gangs: Group Norms and Individual Factors Related to Adult Criminality
Journal: Aztlan  Volume:18  Issue:2  Dated:(Fall 1987)  Pages:27-44
Author(s): J W Moore; J D Vigil
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 18
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay argues that the gang cannot be characterized as criminal and contends that long-standing efforts to understand Chicano criminal deviance in terms of gang influence are misdirected.
Abstract: Chicano gang activities revolve primarily around the normal adolescent concerns of peer respect and approval, security and protection, group support and acceptance, and age and sex role identification. It is proposed that the gang be considered as "tropho-criminal," that is, permissive or supportive of individual deviance as an alternative to the perception of the gang as crimogenic. Gang membership interacts with certain family characteristics in the production of juvenile and adult criminality, but neither gang culture nor family structure and function provide an explanation for individual deviance. Most likely there are other interactions in which gang membership is an important yet not a determining factor in deviance. Gang membership emerges as only one in a complicated set of factors which leads to deviance. 28 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Mexican Americans
Index Term(s): Crime prediction; Cultural influences; Juvenile delinquency factors; Social organization
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