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NCJ Number: 136351 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Residential Group Care Facilities for Children and Youth in the United States, 1965 and 1981: An Analysis of Change Over Time
Author(s): M M Dore; R M Young; D M Pappenfort
Corporate Author: University of Chicago
School of Social Service Admin
National Youth Gang Suppression and Intervention Project
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 60
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
University of Chicago
Chicago, IL 60637
Grant Number: 81-JS-AX-0036
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines changes that have taken place between 1965 and 1981 in residential facilities for children and youth with special problems and needs.
Abstract: The analysis used data from two previous reports that compiled data reported by State agencies that licensed, operated, or otherwise related to residential group care facilities. It focused on five types of care: (1) maternity care of pregnant adolescents, (2) child welfare, (3) juvenile justice, (4) mental health, and (5) drug abuse. Results revealed that residential care is no longer the preferred method of serving pregnant adolescents and that the proportion of facilities for dependent, neglected, or abused children or youth declined from 55 percent of all residential facilities in 1965 to 37 percent in 1981. In addition, residential juvenile justice facilities increased by 154 percent; mental health facilities more than quadrupled; and specialized residential facilities were developed for the treatment of drug abuse among children and youth. Moreover, facility sizes reduced, with new facilities offering care for 7 to 50 residents each. The three main principles affecting service delivery during this period were normalization, deinstitutionalization, and the right to treatment. Tables and appended methodological information and results.
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional facilities; Residential child care institutions
Index Term(s): Juvenile detention; Juvenile residential treatment centers
Note: National Survey of Residential Group Care Facilities for Children and Youth, Report No. 1
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