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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136365 Find in a Library
Title: United States Sentencing Commission: Its Many Mission
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:55  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1991)  Pages:26-30
Author(s): W W Wilkins Jr
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The U.S. Sentencing Commission was created by Congress to promulgate and refine sentencing guidelines; to serve as the expert research agency in the area of Federal sentencing; and to provide technical assistance and information to Congress, the criminal justice community, and the public.
Abstract: At the heart of the Sentencing Commission are the sentencing guidelines themselves. The Commission has significant other responsibilities such as research, sentence monitoring, evaluation, training, and serving as a clearinghouse of sentencing information. The Commission maintains a computerized data collection system to track application of the guidelines and provide support for other Commission activities. The data base primarily provides information relevant to broad patterns of Federal sentencing and guideline implementation rather than information on the sentencing decisions of particular judges, attorneys, or probation officers. The data base is intended to meet congressional reporting requirements and also to serve as an empirical basis for review and revision of sentencing guidelines and policy statements. In addition to its monitoring and reporting functions, the Commission conducts research on other criminal justice issues including recidivism, incapacitation, prison impact, and offense severity. Evaluation studies of the Commission focus on implementation of the sentencing guidelines, the use of incarceration, sentencing disparity, and prosecutorial discretion and plea bargaining. Commission publications and information dissemination procedures are noted. 5 footnotes
Main Term(s): US Sentencing Commission
Index Term(s): Plea negotiations; Prosecutorial discretion; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing guidelines
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