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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136406 Find in a Library
Title: Probationer Violations and Officer Response
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:20  Issue:1  Dated:(1992)  Pages:1-12
Author(s): T R Clear; P M Harris; S C Baird
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 12
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data on the community supervision experiences of 7,501 felony and misdemeanant probationers terminated from supervision over 1-year and 2-year periods by six probation agencies were examined to determine the nature and frequency of probationer violations and the use and effectiveness of the behavior-control tools of probation officers.
Abstract: Violations were committed by 1,923 or nearly one-fourth of the probationers studied. New crimes, primarily minor offenses, accounted for 48.8 percent of misbehaviors. The majority of violators did not engage in further violations. The study also found that substantial variation existed in officer responses to similar violations, that application of more severe sanctions was no more likely to affect the seriousness of chronic violators' subsequent misbehaviors than application of more lenient ones, that the decision to revoke did not result in the rapid removal of offenders from supervision, and that officers frequently left punishment of rearrested probationers to the courts. The relatively minor nature of most violations and the infrequency of chronic violating behavior suggest that the application of controlling strategies, such as electronic monitoring and intensive supervision, may be excessive and consequently unnecessarily costly. 2 notes, 3 figures, 3 tables, and 14 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Probation effectiveness; Probation violations
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Parole supervision; Probation or parole officers; Punishment
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