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NCJ Number: 136438 Find in a Library
Title: Aboriginal Youth and the Criminal Justice System: The Injustice of Justice?
Author(s): F Gale; R Bailey-Harris; J Wundersitz
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 166
Sponsoring Agency: Cambridge University Press
Cambridge, CB2 IRP, England
Publication Number: ISBN 0-521-37464-2
Sale Source: Cambridge University Press
The Pitt Building
Trumpington Street
Cambridge, CB2 IRP,
United Kingdom
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This book presents a study of Australian aboriginal youth and their involvement in the criminal justice system; the study is a result of the desire by aboriginal leaders to find behavioral explanations for the high reported crime rates among their community's youth.
Abstract: Official statistics on juvenile offending in Australia were used. The statistics are used to build a profile of the aboriginal youth offender and to examine relationships with the police and the courts. The results show that aboriginal youth are overrepresented at every level of the juvenile justice system, from apprehension through the pretrial process to the point of adjudication and disposition. The extent of aboriginal disadvantage increases at every stage in the process. Consequently, the high rate of aboriginal detention is the result of a compounding effect of racial and class-based discrimination that is initiated in the early stages of the criminal process. The authors contend that past law and welfare system reforms have worsened the position of aboriginal youth by legalizing the differential treatment experienced by them. The discrimination faced by minority youth in the criminal justice system reflects the social, cultural, and racial bias inherent in Australia today. 16 notes, 109 references, and 20 appendixes
Main Term(s): Aborigines; Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Australia; Class discrimination; Juvenile justice reform; Racial discrimination
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