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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136480 Find in a Library
Title: Statutory Criteria for Custodial Sentences
Corporate Author: National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
London, SW9 0PU
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The British Criminal Justice Act 1991, which enters into force in October 1992, establishes new statutory criteria controlling the use of custodial sentences. There are some significant differences to the criteria set down in the 1982 and 1988 Criminal Justice Acts.
Abstract: The 1982 Criminal Justice Act laid down new statutory guidelines for the imposition of custodial sentences on offenders aged under 21; custody was to be a sanction of last resort when the offender seemed unwilling to respond to non-custodial penalties, when the public was threatened, or when the offense was too serious to justify an alternative punishment. After several years, these criteria helped to reduce the number of incarcerated young offenders by providing a focus of argument in appeals against inappropriate custodial sentences. The 1988 Criminal Justice Act clarified the criteria under which youthful offenders could be sentenced to custody; as a result, the number of custodial sentences passed on young people was reduced even further. The latest legislation basically applies similar statutory criteria to the sentencing of adult offenders by stipulating the conditions under which custodial sentences may be invoked and governing the length of the sentences. This report contains selected Court of Appeal judgments from 1983 through 1988 and from 1988 to the present to illustrate the impact of the two earlier statutes on the imposition of custodial sentences. 4 appendixes
Main Term(s): Foreign sentencing; Sentencing guidelines
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Juvenile sentencing
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136480

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