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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136591 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice Systems in Europe: Albania
Author(s): M Joutsen
Corporate Author: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Helsinki 00531, Finland
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: The development of the criminal justice system of Albania is similar to that of other European socialist countries and is based on the system in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Abstract: At the time of the establishment of the People's Republic of Albania in 1946, the 1929 Penal Code of the former Kingdom of Albania was in effect. Between 1945 and 1952, separate enactments on penal law and criminal procedure were adopted to meet the immediate need for reform. A completely new penal code was adopted in 1952, and the penal code was reformed in 1977 and amended since then. A totally new penal code, reflecting the extensive changes in the constitution at the end of 1990 and the beginning of 1991, shall be submitted to the People's Assembly in June 1991. The most significant of these changes was the establishment of pluralist democracy. The police are organized into 26 district police forces with training at a 2-year academy for non-commissioned officers and a 4-year academy for officers. The three levels of courts include the district courts, the territorial (zonal) courts, and the Supreme Court. Punishment includes imprisonment, re-education, and fines. Legal and criminological training for criminal justice professionals take place at the University of Tirana, Albania's only university.
Main Term(s): Foreign criminal codes; Foreign criminal justice systems
Index Term(s): Albania; Eastern Europe; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign police
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