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NCJ Number: 136599 Find in a Library
Title: Fear and Loading: Archival Traces of the Response to Extraordinary Violence
Journal: Social Psychology Quarterly  Volume:54  Issue:4  Dated:(1991)  Pages:343-352
Author(s): D Archer; L Erlich-Erfer
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 10
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Two archival measures were used to study fear of crime and fearful behavior in a California county that had experienced a dramatic series of 16 homicides in 1973.
Abstract: The county had a population of 200,000, and its main city was both a vacation resort and the site of a college. The analysis focused on handgun purchases and hitchhiking as indicators of fear. These indicators were used to study the distribution of fear in time, place, and the social order. Results revealed that archival data can be used to reconstruct emotional responses to fearful events, that community fear peaks after the objective danger, and that community fear is more uniformly spread than the objective danger. In addition, gun purchases after violent events are demographically similar to gun purchases at other times. Results also indicated that people who respond to acute fear during a crisis are not unlike those who are chronically fearful in more normal times. Figures, table, footnotes, and 30 references
Main Term(s): Fear of crime
Index Term(s): California; Mass murders; Reactions to crime; Research methods
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