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NCJ Number: 136670 Find in a Library
Title: Economic Change and Penal Repression
Author(s): T Godefroy; B Laffargue
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 284
Sale Source: les Institutions Penales
Centre de Recherches
Sociologiques Sur le Droit et
4, rue de mondovi
Paris 75001,
France
Type: Issue Overview
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: The interrelation between unemployment and imprisonment in France is examined.
Abstract: This statistical study analyzes prison statistics, unemployment figures, statistics of recorded crime, and demographic variables during two economic recessions (1920-1938 and 1982-1985). The direct link between high unemployment and rising crime that is so commonly assumed was not found in either recession. Instead the results showed a direct influence of the labor market on the size of the prison population. Rising unemployment figures correlated with a growth in the number of inmates, although the number of recorded offenses did not rise correspondingly. To explain this phenomenon, the study argues that economic hardship increases the traditional target population of the criminal justice system: a marginal, economically insecure group of people who are the first to lose their jobs. At the same time, the criminal justice system tends to become less tolerant during recessions and chooses preventive detention and prison sentences over alternatives to prisonization. An annotated bibliography and detailed statistical charts and graphs are appended.
Main Term(s): Economic influences
Index Term(s): Economic analysis of crime; Employment-crime relationships; Foreign correctional facilities; France; Unemployment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136670

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