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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136719 Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of Threshold: An Independent Living Program for Homeless Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health  Volume:12  Issue:7  Dated:special issue (November 1991)  Pages:567-572
Author(s): D D Schram; M A Giovengo
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 6
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Threshold Project, a residential treatment program in the State of Washington, was designed to work with homeless and alienated young women who were approaching 18 years of age, but lacked the skills, values, and attitudes necessary to care for themselves and assume the responsibilities of adulthood.
Abstract: The project had three phases: (1) initial stabilization period in which clients were evaluated for commitment and motivation; (2) semi-independent living status; and (3) move to independent foster homes. During the first 2 years of the project operation, 24 female clients were served. Many of these young women shared similar developmental histories marked by parental abuse and neglect, alienation, multiple out-of-home placements, school suspension, frequent runaway behavior, prostitution involvement, and substance abuse. The typical client was a white female with a median age of 17.8 years who had been placed out of home for a period of 2 or more years prior to project entry. Most clients responded well to project requirements, including the expectation that they maintain employment and participate in educational programs during the semi-independent living phase. A followup assessment undertaken after clients left the project indicated that 42 percent of the young women met all success criteria, i.e., they lived independently or in stable situations, attended school and/or were employed, had not engaged in prostitution or other offense behavior, and did not abuse alcohol or other substances. Two variables appeared to be associated with positive outcomes, absence of any involvement with juvenile court and less than 12 months of involvement in street life. 8 references, 1 table, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Homeless children; Life skills training
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Juvenile program evaluation; Washington
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