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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136727 Find in a Library
Title: Learning Disability and Giftedness as Potential Contributing Factors to Double Homicide by Youth: Explanation and Prevention of Future Tragedies (From Mainstreaming Retardation Delinquency, P 183-196, 1991, Richard S Greene, ed. -- See NCJ-136722)
Author(s): K M Heide; A J Mauser
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Technomic Publishing Co, Inc
Lancaster, PA 17604
Sale Source: Technomic Publishing Co, Inc
851 New Holland Avenue
Box 3535
Lancaster, PA 17604
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In this study of 59 male adolescents convicted of murder in adult court, 5 percent or three cases were identified as learning disabled prior to the homicide.
Abstract: Semistructured interviews were conducted with all 59 sample subjects. The open-ended nature of the questions asked allowed the researchers to assess the individual's level of personality growth and to explore perceptions of the homicidal event and processing through the adult criminal justice system. Interviews with the three learning disabled subjects and another learning disabled, gifted youth who was referred for assessment by the court prior to conviction strongly suggested that low self-esteem occasioned by academic difficulties and a vital sense of ineffectiveness as persons were part of the motivational dynamics behind violent crime. A case history is detailed which illustrates the failure of family and school to help the boy come to terms with his academic and social difficulties and to make a satisfactory adjustment to adolescence. It is felt that teachers can play a pivotal role in preventing violence among students by following five basic tenets: students must be recognized and valued as individuals; respect for self and others must be fostered; empathic thinking must be facilitated; reinforcement must be given; and external structure must be provided. 17 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile murderers; Learning disabilities
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile self concept; Violent crimes
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