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NCJ Number: 136737 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Ignition Interlock Devices on DUI Recidivism: Findings From a Longitudinal Study in Hamilton County, Ohio
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:38  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1992)  Pages:131-157
Author(s): B J Morse; D S Elliott
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: AA08203-01
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several States have recently authorized judges to use breath analyzer ignition interlock devices as an optional sanction in drunk driving cases; interlocks are often used in combination with a fine, license suspension, jail sentence, probation, or treatment program order. The Hamilton County (Ohio) Drinking and Driving Study involves a quasi-experimental study design which compares samples of DUI offenders who received license suspension and license suspension-plus-interlock sentences.
Abstract: The measure for recidivism was rearrest for DUI, driving under suspension, no driver's license, and other alcohol- and drug-related driving offenses. Official background data used in the study included demographic identifiers, court administrative information, and prior involvement with the judicial system. The self-reported interview and questionnaire covered the respondent's alcohol-related behavioral patterns, alcohol-related attitudes, reports of any prior DUI arrests, and experience with the interlock device. Preliminary findings showed that ignition interlock devices substantially reduced the incidence of DUI recidivism; the license suspension group had a 30-month failure rate of 9.8 percent, compared to 3.4 percent for the interlock group. Furthermore, the interlock group had a substantially lower rate of sanction circumvention. These results are sufficient to justify conducting a large-scale study of the effectiveness of interlock devices. 4 tables, 2 figures, 14 notes, and 57 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drunk driver programs
Index Term(s): Alcohol consumption analysis; Ohio; Recidivism prediction
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