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NCJ Number: 136739 Find in a Library
Title: Meaning of Correctional Crowding: Steps Toward an Index of Severity
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:38  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1992)  Pages:171-188
Author(s): J M Klofas; S Stojkovic; D A Kalinich
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 18
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because of the lack of adequate measures of jail overcrowding, a focus group of corrections administrators met at the annual meeting of the American Jail Association to develop a model of jail crowding in an effort to provide a foundation for assessing crowding levels and to systematically describe conditions in correctional institutions.
Abstract: The problem with the capacity-based operational definitions of prison crowding is that they do not adequately represent the conceptualization of the phenomenon and cannot be used to make meaningful comparisons across institutions or across time. These types of comparisons are needed to give direction to both research and policy making. In the process of refining, revising, and explicating a final multidimensional additive model of jail crowding, the focus group discussed several elements of the model including number of inmates and jail capacity, timing issues, intake fluctuations, composition of inmates in the population, characteristics of the jail, disruption of jail operations, management issues, and relations with outside agencies. This elaboration of a model of crowding is one step toward the development of an index of severity for jail crowding. 1 figure and 40 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Evaluation measures; Prison overcrowding
Index Term(s): Research design models
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