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NCJ Number: 136783 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Definition and Measurement of "Gang Status": Policy Implications for Juvenile Justice
Journal: Juvenile and Family Court Journal  Volume:43  Issue:1  Dated:(1992)  Pages:29-37
Author(s): L T Winfree Jr; K Fuller; T Vigil; G L Mays
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Juvenile gang membership and gang activity in Dona Ana County (New Mexico) were studied using data gathered through a self-administered questionnaire completed by 373 randomly selected 9th and 11th grade students attending 2 high schools and 2 junior high schools in April 1991.
Abstract: The sample included 270 males and 103 females. Just over 75 percent of the participants were Hispanic; most of the rest were white. Results revealed that 56 students were currently active in a gang; another 45 had been members of gangs but were no longer involved; and 68 students had considered joining a gang but did not or could not. These 169 students represented 45 percent of the total sample. A more restrictive definition of actual gang membership, based on initiation rites and external symbols of membership, resulted in a smaller proportion of student being categorized as current or former gang members. Finally, findings suggested that self-definition demonstrates clearer ties to self-reported gang-related activities than does the more restrictive one and that policies based on the restrictive definition may be less useful than those based on the broader definition. Tables and 15 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile Delinquency prevention planning; New Mexico
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